Antioxidants | The more you know
by Rodrigo Diaz
A year ago
In the Know: Antioxidants in skin
So, What is an Antioxidant? Antioxidants are compounds that inhibit oxidation. Oxidation is a chemical reaction that can produce free radicals, thereby leading to chain reactions that may damage the cells of organisms.The word “Antioxidant” is actually a property of a chemical compound and not the compound itself. Each of these compounds which display an antioxidative quality behaves differently with a specific biological property.
Free Radical Damage in skin
When you hear about antioxidants, “free-radicals” is a word that should follow as they play a central role in our bodies which can be both harmful and beneficial. Our system creates free radicals in order to neutralize viruses and bacteria (part of the immune system). When too many free radicals are in our system from radiation, smoke (hydrocarbon exposure), pollution, the sun’s UV rays, alcohol, and mental stress - (caused by cortisone and catecholamines production) it causes heightened damage. Damaging our DNA, lipids, and proteins - it’s the main cause of rapid aging as well as triggering diseases.
How? Free radicals are unstable and highly reactive which have one or more unpaired electrons. To get this stability back, they attack your stable molecules. This triggers a chain reaction which damages healthy skin cells (like a crazy ex still showing up at family functions). Ultimately this causes oxidative stress - an imbalance between the production of free radicals and the body’s ability to deplete free radicals. Now you know.
Above: Free radicals are unstable atoms. To become more stable, they take electrons from other atoms. This may cause diseases or signs of aging.
Fortunately, there is an overhaul of evidence that shows that inclusions of antioxidants in your body and skincare routine not only prove to reduce and recover from oxidative stress but also can brighten, calm irritation and smooth out fine lines on the skin. Below are a few top antioxidants you want to see in your skin routine.
CBD (Cannabidiol) (known antioxidant properties)
Best for: Sensitive, aging, inflammation
The mechanism of action for the benefits of CBD in topical usage has not yet fully been explained, but its hypothesis involves regulations on sebocyte proliferation, control of sebum production, anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative (inhibits cell growth) activity. Medical literature has shown some evidence of a role for CBD in the management of symptoms of skin conditions like psoriasis, eczema, pruritus, allergic contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis and acne, by relieving chronic pain, modifying the itching sensation, and reducing inflammation.
Best for: Soothing and inflammation
Filled with polyphenols which work as anti-inflammatories which reduce redness and acne inflammation. This is found in GOA’s Purifying Face Cleanser.
Best for: Brightening
L-ascorbic acid, as you might see on some Anti-Vice products is pretty much the ultimate antioxidant for lifting tired skin. It clams, hydrates, and similar to retinol, it boosts collagen production banish out fine lines. Vitamin C, over the 6-8 weeks can brighten the skin from fatigue, hyperpigmentation and dark spots for a fresher, younger complexion. Dark Phyto-Matter which is found in most Anti-Vice products like the collagen+control face serum will have at least 10% Vitamin C.
Best for: Rapid-Aging
In the Know: Retinol is another word for concentrated Vitamin A
Using retinol has its drawbacks. While boasting a huge list of results such as boosting collagen from degradation caused by our daily excess habits, fades down scar tissue, and dramatically reducing acne, to name a few, retinol does take a few weeks of ‘purging’ your skin. This can cause breakouts and dryer skin than normal (for some people). After a few weeks though, noticeable results take effect. So easing your skin slowly is recommended if any redness occurs. Dark Phyto-Matter also contains 2% retinol included in GOA’s collagen control face serum and anti-fatigue undereye boost serum.
Best for: Moisturizing
Called Tocopherol, it’s one of the more popular antioxidants that are found in Anti-Vice Solutions because it does a little bit of everything without an intense impact on your skin. It’s a medium antioxidant to keep the skin hydrated and prevent free radicals from forming. Combined with Vitamin C it becomes a powerful tool for scar formation and sun spots.
Like everything else, anything in excess is bad for your body and skin. Find our what your body can take and tailor each routine to your specifications. There are an abundant amount of studies both praising antioxidants and condemning them. It’s up to you to find the right dosage. Speak with your dermatologist if confusion sits heavily on your mind about antioxidants.