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How To Correctly Fix Dark Circles

How To Correctly Fix Dark Circles

5 minute read

Infraorbital dark circles play a key role in the aged appearance. In this post, we wanted to break down exactly what dark circles are, how to get rid of them, and even prevent them! So if you ever struggled with concealing or correcting your dark circles, GOA is here to aid you in your skincare journey!

What Are Dark Circles?

Dark circles are the darkened skin beneath your eyes that may form for various reasons that are complex and multi-variable. There are two major types of dark circles: Type I: Caused by lifestyle habits and genetics and Type II: Caused by anatomy.

Type I:

Fatigue: Stress, lack of sleep and even oversleeping greatly contribute to the formation of dark circles. When you don’t get enough quality rest, your skin can get pale and dull, displaying the dark tissues and blood vessels more.

Extrinsic influences: Air pollution, UV exposure. Air pollution not only wreaks havoc on the environment but also on our skin, allowing so many chemicals to enter our skin daily. Now add sun overexposure to the mix: causing too much melanin, i.e. excess pigmentation, to form on our skin (particularly sensitive areas like the eyes). 

The weakening (thinning) of skin: Normally caused by age. As you get older, your skin loses fat and collagen and becomes thinner, allowing darker blood vessels to show more.

Capillary dilation: Normally caused by genetics or skin trauma, e.g. inborn allergies. Poor blood circulation in the body causes vessels to build up under the eyes.

Hyperpigmentation of the skin: The change of pigment caused by UV exposure can darken thinning skin faster.

Genetics: It plays an important role in the onset of dark circles by making it easier for the aforementioned factors to affect the skin. Allergies, poor blood circulation, or just dark pigmentation under the eyes compared to the rest of the skin are some of the few factors that can trigger dark circles.

dark circles

Type II: Caused by anatomy

Facial ligaments: Age-related changes in the midface result in the loss of volume of the ligament, which leads to hollowing or dark circles like in the image above.

Deep facial anatomy (bone): Bone structure is very important in providing the framework for supporting facial tissue which has an influence over the overall appearance of the face.

Soft tissue changes: Volume loss or hollowing of the soft tissue can result in dark circles.

How To Correctly Fix Dark Circles

Your treatment needs to be specific to the cause. Assess your cause first before jumping into any commitment. Below, you’ll find a few treatments that should lead to a brighter, healthier, and less-tired look under the eyes. 


Cosmetics or cosmeceuticals can really help you in the short term, while also playing the long game if the formula is right. We’ve made a list of ingredients that can help reduce dark circles caused by our modern lifestyles and habits. 

  • Retinoids are vitamin A derivatives (like retinol found in Dark Phyto Matter) that impact multiple pathways to decrease the appearance of dark circles in the infraorbital region. First, they promote collagen synthesis and reorganization of its cells to improve skin strength and quality. Second, they decrease melanin content to reduce hyperpigmentation. The sum of these effects results in increased skin smoothness and decreased discoloration and dyschromia.[1]
  • Topical caffeine An asset in treating dark circles that result from dilation of capillaries underneath, and leaky vessels. The caffeine-based gel has been proven to penetrate the lower eyelid skin and diminish swelling and hyperpigmentation.[2]
  • Peptides - three types can be found in Dark Phyto Protein
  1. Signal peptides increase the main structural protein in the dermis.
  2. Enzyme inhibitor peptides block enzymes that degrade the extracellular matrix (ECM). 
  3. Carrier peptides' primary function is to deliver metals that are critical in wound healing and regenerative properties of skin after UV damage.

Non-Invasive Treatments

Where there is darkness, there is light. Intense pulsed light (IPL), lasers, and radio frequencies that is. When the skin is exposed to these treatments they improve hyperpigmentation in dark circles and balance the skin's hue.

Invasive Superficial Treatments

Some of the less invasive treatments include Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) chemical peels, tattooing, abrasive laser resurfacing, and the treatment of choice - hyaluronic acid soft tissue fillers. These fillers address volume deficiency in the periorbital region that may result in shadowing in the under-eye region.

Invasive Deep Treatments

Fat transfers, surgery, and surgical implants are effective means to treat age-related bone and soft tissue loss that form dark circles.

How To Protect Yourself From Dark Circles

The point is that infraorbital dark circles are caused by a complex variety of factors. Contributions from the skin, subcutaneous tissues, muscles, blood vessels, and ligaments of the lower eyelid and cheek are all critical to the onset of dark circles.

The treatment strategy depends on the causes, and treatment must be individualized. For dark circles caused by lifestyle habits, we recommend the cosmeceutical route. It covers a variety of solutions to the aforementioned issues regarding volume loss, UV damage, and the thinning of the skin. 

GOA's commitment to getting you the world's best solutions for issues such as dark circles has led us to develop the Dark Circle Undereye Treatment. It offers protection for under-eye skin and resistance to stress and fatigue. From signal, enzymatic, and carrier peptides, retinoids, and Dark Phyto Protein, the treatment is a quick and simple tool for healthier skin under the eye. Find out how the Dark Circle Undereye Treatment set can be part of your daily life.


1. Darlenski R, Surber C, Fluhr JW. Topical retinoids in the management of photodamaged skin: From theory to evidence-based practical approach. Br J Dermatol. 2010;163:1157–65. [PubMed: 20633013]
2. Amnuaikit T, Maneenuan D, Boonme P. Evaluation of caffeine gels on physicochemical characteristics and in vivo efficacy in reducing puffy eyes. J Appl Pharm Sci. 2011;1:56.

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